Targeted Interventions for Corrections (TIC) consists of six brief life-skill interventions to be used in a variety of correctional-based settings. The interventions address the core aspects of addiction treatment and recovery. They focus on what incarcerated individuals need to work on to improve their potential for early engagement in treatment and early recovery, including motivation for treatment, controlling anger, opening lines of communication, correcting criminal thinking errors, and improving social networks. The overall goal of TIC is to provide interventions that address drug-related problems and treatment needs in correctional populations.
To be eligible to participate, inmates must have received a referral from a correctional authority to participate in a treatment program, have enough time remaining on their sentence to complete the intervention, and provide consent to participate in treatment.
Study 1: Joe, George W., Kevin Knight, D. Dwayne Simpson, Patrick M. Flynn, Janis T. Morey, Norma G. Bartholomew, Michele Staton Tindall, William M. Burdon, Elizabeth A. Hall, Steve S. Martin, and Daniel J. O’Connell. 2012. “An Evaluation of Six Brief Interventions That Target Drug-Related Problems in Correctional Populations.” Journal of Offender Rehabilitation 51:9–33.
When analyzing data from all prison sites and modules, Joe and colleagues (2012) found that the Targeted Interventions for Corrections (TIC) interventions overall made a statistically significant impact on cognitive changes in the treatment group, except on measures of criminal thinking.
Overall TIC Interventions Effect: Knowledge
TIC was shown to significantly increase the knowledge of treatment participants compared with comparison participants—an overall average increase of 5 percentage points.
Overall TIC Interventions Effect: Attitude
TIC participants were found to significantly change their attitudes more favorably than control participants did. The treatment group average change was 4.0 percent, compared with 1.5 percent for the control group.
Overall TIC Interventions Effect: Psychosocial Functioning
TIC was found to make a statistically significant impact on psychosocial functioning of treatment participants compared with control-group participants. Psychological functioning included measures of decision making, self-esteem, depression, anxiety, and efficacy.
Overall TIC Interventions Effect: Criminal Thinking Scales
No significant differences were found between the treatment and comparison group on criminal thinking scales, which included measures of criminal rationalization, justification, power orientation, and entitlement.
Further information at: Program: Targeted Interventions for Corrections TIC – CrimeSolutions.gov.