EEUU: Safety and Justice Challenge

ADMISSIONS

There are nearly 12 million jail admissions annually–equivalent to the populations of New York City and Los Angeles combined and almost 19 times the annual admissions to state and federal prisons.

CONVICTIONS

Three out of five people in jail are legally presumed innocent, awaiting trial or resolution through plea negotiations.

MENTAL ILLNESS

An estimated 14.5% of men and 31% of women admitted to jail have a  serious mental illness—rates that are four to six times higher than in the general population.

OFFENSES

Nearly 75% of sentenced offenders and those detained in jail before trial are there fornonviolent traffic, property, drug, or public order offenses.

RACIAL DISPARITIES

Nationally, African Americans are jailed at almost  4x the rate of white Americans.

COSTS

From 1982 to 2011, local spending on corrections—largely building and running jails—increased nearly 235%. Today, $22.2 billion is spent annually by local jurisdictions on correctional institutions.

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